Are you using your parts of speech correctly?
For many of us, the last time we discussed parts of speech was in third-grade English class. We watched season two of “Schoolhouse Rock,” practiced circling the nouns and underlining the verbs in sample sentences, then moved on with our lives and forgot all about our time with the parts of speech.
Pop quiz! Can you name the eight primary parts of speech?
8 parts of speech cheat sheet
Here’s the answer key:
Did you get them all?
Here’s a bigger question: Do you know how to use each of these eight parts of speech? Consider this your parts-of-speech cheat sheet!
Nouns are classically known as people, places, and things.
Nouns can be the subject of the sentence (the person, place, or thing performing an action) or the object (the person, place, or thing on the receiving end of the action).
Example: Michelle writes for ClearVoice.
In this sentence, both Michelle and ClearVoice are nouns. Michelle is the subject because she is the noun performing the writing. And ClearVoice is the object because ClearVoice is the recipient of the writing.
Pronouns are like short-hand for nouns; they take the place of a noun. Pronouns are useful because no one wants the noun spelled out every time. Imagine reading Michelle writes for ClearVoice. Michelle holds an MBA in Business Management and Strategy, so Michelle is well-qualified to cover business topics.
Painful, right? But if you substitute the pronoun she in place of Michelle, it reads more smoothly.
Example: Michelle writes for ClearVoice. She holds an MBA in Business Management and Strategy, so she is well-qualified to cover business topics.
Ah, that’s better. Thanks, pronouns.
Verbs are commonly known as the actions of the sentence.
Example: I ran yesterday.
In this sentence, ran is the action word, so it is the verb. But verbs can also be states of being that link a subject to another noun or an adjective.
Example: She is a runner.
“Is” is the verb in this sentence because it equates she to runner.
Adjectives describe nouns.
Example: The colorful candies sparkled behind the counter.
In this sentence, colorful describes candies, so colorful is the adjective.
Just like adjectives describe nouns, adverbs describe verbs. And they commonly end in -ly.
Example: You can walk quickly, slowly, or happily.
Example: You can write seriously, casually, or educationally.
All these -ly words describe verbs.
A preposition gives you context about a noun by telling you how a noun relates to other words in the sentence. That sounds vague, but an example will help.
Example: Steve works from his laptop.
Steve is the subject; works is the verb. And the word “from” gives you more context about how Steve works. How does he work? He works from his laptop. From is the preposition.
Think of prepositions as relational builders. Common prepositions include words like:
Prepositions kick off prepositional phrases, which are the complete phrase used to describe the relationship of a given noun to something else in the sentence. In our example, from is the preposition, and the prepositional phrase is from his laptop.
Conjunctions join other parts of speech to give you more fluid writing.
When you think of conjunctions, you probably immediately go to the coordinating conjunctions, known by the acronym FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
Example: Jason and I got dinner but not dessert.
This example has two coordinating conjunctions:
- And joins Jason and I
- But compares dinner to dessert.
In addition to coordinating conjunctions, there are subordinating conjunctions. Subordinating conjunctions link phrases in a sentence to explain the why, when, and where.
Example: We got dinner because work ran late.
Because explains why we got dinner, so because is the subordinating conjunction.
Other subordinating conjunctions include since, therefore, before, and after.
Wow! We’re already at the end of our parts of speech list. Interjections are words that express sudden feeling, like “wow.”
The term interjection is based on Latin words inter (meaning between) and jacĕre (meaning to throw). So an interjection is a word you throw in between the rest of the text because you feel a sudden need to exclaim.
Example: Yay! We learned so much about the parts of speech today.
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